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What causes cold sores?
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  • Cold sores are caused by the Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1, otherwise known as HSV1.
  • HSV2 is a similar virus which usually causes genital herpes, but rarely can also cause cold sores around the mouth.
  • Cold sores are spread by skin to skin contact, such as kissing someone who has an active cold sore.
  • The first infection may not cause any symptoms, but may be triggered later.
  • Cold sores can be triggered by stress, fatigue, viral illness, strong UV/sunlight exposure or during menstruation.
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